87. GC-MS Analysis of Phthalates and Di-(2-thylhexyl) Adipate in Canadian Human Milk for Exposure Assessment of Infant Population (abstract)

Cao XL, Sparling M, Zhao W, Arbuckle TE. Journal of AOAC International 2021 Mar 5;104(1):98-102. doi: 10.1093/jaoacint/qsaa108


Although more information has become available on the occurrence of phthalates and di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate (DEHA) in foods including cow’s milk, information on their presence in human milk, the important and recommended sole diet for infants up to six months of age, is very limited, especially for DEHA.


To develop a GC-MS method for simultaneous analysis of DEHA and phthalates in human milk samples and generate occurrence data for exposure assessment.


Human milk samples were extracted with acetonitrile followed by dispersive solid-phase extraction and GC-MS analysis.


Among the 305 human milk samples collected from the Canadian Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals Study, some phthalates (DHxP, BBzP, and DOP) were not detected in any of the samples, while DEHA and the other phthalates (DMP, DEP, DBP, DiBP, and DEHP) were detected at low frequencies with levels from 30.4–237 ng/g in up to 31 of the 305 human milk samples.


In general, DEHA and phthalates were detected at low frequencies and low levels in the 305 human milk samples.


A GC-MS method based on dispersive solid phase extraction was developed for analysis of DEHA and eight phthalates in 305 human milk samples for exposure assessment.